Rapid diagnostics of coronavirus infection

Since the numbers of infected people for coronavirus are growing up, the scientist are looking for faster options to diagnose the virus. There are many different opinions about novel coronavirus rapid test and the way they work. Access to reliable rapid diagnostic tests, in particular rapid antigen tests for COVID-19, could alleviate the pressure on laboratories and expand testing capacity to meet the most urgent medical and public health needs, ECDC and the World Health Organization (WHO) says.

The Covid-19 rapid test is based on the detection of the corresponding IgM and IgG antibodies and it may take around 10-30 minutes until giving a result compared with about four hours for molecular tests done in large series, or more if samples must be transported to a distant testing laboratory.

According to European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control rapid tests are qualitative or semi-quantitative in vitro diagnostics (IVDs), used singly or in a small series, which involve non-automated procedures and have been designed to give a fast result. These rapid tests are relatively simple to perform and interpret and therefore require limited test operator training. They may be intended either for use in hospital laboratories or near the point-of-care.

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